Herbal Cosmetics, identified as products that are expressed, using different acceptable cosmetic ingredients to form the base in which different herbal ingredients are used to provide defined cosmetic benefits only shall be called as Herbal Cosmetics. In ancient times the herbal cosmetics industry consist of very obscure chapters in European and Western countries from about six centuries back. Mixtures and fusions were then used for whiten the face, an exercise which keep on popular till over 400 years later. The primary fusions that were used in Europe for this purpose were so persuasive that they often led to strokes, death or paralysis. With their everlasting health benefits, it is predictable that Herbal extracts will soon revive the era of healthy body and mind.
Current Prestige of herbalists
Today herbalists have faith in to profit people by build their good health with the help of natural sources. Herbs are considered to be food rather than medicine because they are complete, all natural and pure, as nature intended. When herbs are reserved, the body starts to get cleansed, it gets purifying itself. Different chemically synthesized, highly concentrated drugs that may produce several side effects, herbs can effectively realign the body’s defenses. Herbs do not produce immediate cures, but rather offer a way to put the body improper tune with nature. For thousands of years, humans have used herbs. Herbs have been used in the following ways: In cooking for flavoring foods, as perfumes, as disinfectants, to keep us against germs, as medicines to heal when we are sick.
Role of Herbs in nature
Mother Nature has provided human, the favorites creation of God, with all that he desired to live on this earth: water to quench thirst, air to breathe, grains to hunger, fire to light and so on. Human body is the microcosm of the entire cosmos and the answer to all human complications lies in retaining harmony with the cosmic rhythm. Nature has offered the means to maintain that balance. Herbs are one such means. An herb is a plant or plant extract, barks, leaves, roots, seeds, stems, gums, and flowers which are imparted through nourishing and healing elements. Herbs are the endowment of Mother Nature which has been used for healthcare throughout different ages and cultures of human history. Being neglectful to the value of herbs due to chemical medicines, human vanished synchronization to the rhythm of Nature and thus suffered many side effects. Herbs have the elements that aid the human body to live in accord with nature and its laws. Herbal treatment not only heals but also appearances after the body to live a healthy and fruitful life. Herbs have been used for healthcare all over the human history and are once again being familiar for their true value. Herbal medicine and herbal extracts are the foremost factor in all traditional medicine including ayurvedic, homeopathic, naturopathic, traditional oriental, and Native American Indian medicine. Now is the time when modern human should appreciate the goodness of medicinal herbs by including them into their life style thereby, living a balanced and healthy life. Herbs are the most natural way to cure all kind of diseases, from negligible ailments to the most life threatening ones.
Medicinal value of Herbs
In herbal medication, herbs are used for their therapeutic or medicinal value. Herbal medicines and treatment can be distributed into eight divisions in Ayurveda: Surgery, General medicine, ENT and Eye Disease, Psychiatry, Toxicology, Gynecology, Pediatrics, Sexology and Virility. There are various pearls lying in the deep ocean of the huge information of this system, we just want to dive in and search the herbs which are prized for curative, aromatic or savory qualities that act on the body and bestow a healthy soul in a healthy body. Herbs have been used for centuries across numerous cultures to cure various ailments and to retain a healthy body. The medicinal assistances of herbs have been well documented throughout the centuries, mainly in China and India. Western countries are beginning to realize the benefits of herbal therapies and are adopting herbal therapies as effective alternative medicine practices. Associated to synthetic drugs, herbs are natural, effective, and gentle when used properly.
Role of Herbs in Cosmetics
Natural herbs aid in defense and enhance the beauty and character of human beings. Natural cosmetic is local term applied to all investigation that outside beautifying and conditioning the body. Beauty, the dominance that gives feeling to the senses, is probably the desire of all human beings on earth. Some are born beautiful and some are in fact made beautiful. Aesthetic form has always been a problem of foremost importance. The word Beauty is not only connected to women, as is frequently thought, but men also used cosmetic products. Cosmetics usually claim to improve skin tone, radiance and texture, while reducing wrinkling. Herbal cosmetics are the preparations, which characterize cosmetic associated with active bioactive ingredients or pharmaceuticals. The uses of phytochemicals from a diversity of botanical have dual purpose;
(a) They assist as cosmetics for a care of body and its parts.
(b) The botanical constituents present affect, biological roles of skin and are responsible for nutrients that are necessary for the healthy skin or hair.
Herbal cosmetics are not deliberated under the preview of medications and regulations of food and medicine administrations. The same cosmetics, these are subjected for their security according to their current rules of the unlike republics. Typically it is not compulsory for a producer to claim that how bioactive constituents enter the skin or that these components cause medicine like or healing effect.
Preparation of Herbal Cosmetics
The physical states of cosmetics preparation are normally distributed into following 3 categories:
- Solid category of herbal cosmetics: Face packs, Face powders, Talcum powders, Masks, Cake make-up and Compact powders.
- Semi solids categories of herbal cosmetics: Creams, Ointments, pastes, Wax base creams and Liniments.
- Liquids as herbal cosmetics: Lotions, Conditioners, Deodorants, Hair oil, Moisturizers, Liniments, Shampoos, Sprays, Cleansing milk and Mouth washes.
The formation of any herbal cosmetics chiefly monitors the same method as in the case of cosmetics. In preparation, suitable bioactive ingredients of their extracts are used along with essential ingredients chiefly used for cosmetics. It needs variety of appropriate emulsifying agent, and renewed methodology to get appropriate product of specified parameters. The herbal cosmetics preparation is a sophistical and sensitive scientific profile because it preserves the bioactivity of the botanicals during extreme handling and determines their accessibility after application on skin. It is required that producers should confirm the quality of products through reasonable testing at their level. Other factors like organoleptic features, viscosity, pH, stability towards light and refrigeration should also be estimated.
Major categories of herbal cosmetics
- Cosmetics for increasing the look of facial skin.
- Cosmetics for hair growth and care.
- Cosmetics for skin care, particularly in teenager.
- Shampoos, soaps, powders and perfumes.
- Miscellaneous products.
Amongst the above stated classes, the skin care will take over Cosmeceutical demand in the future, predominantly for the certified products used for improving chemical peels, facial implants and associated product.
Herbs used for skin care as cosmetics
Aloe vera: Aloe vera is locally known as Kuwar Gandal that belongs to the family Liliaceae. It cultivates in dry climates such as those found in parts of India and Africa and has been used therapeutically for centuries. Aloe leaves hide away a clear gel that when broken off from the rest of the plant that can be useful characteristically to soothe skin and heal wounds. It is also said to be beneficial in curing burns and wounds, skin infections, diabetes, cysts and raised blood lipids in individuals, and displays certain promise in treating more severe and persistent circumstances such as genital herpes, psoriasis, eczema, dandruff, canker sores and skin ulcers.
Azadirachta indica: The herb, Azadirachta indica belongs to family Meliaceae, Locally known as Neem, hasbeen set up to have the properties of a beauty enhancer and as blood purifier. It is consumed for a number of therapeutic purposes. Certain areas where it can be used in the treatment of common cosmetic complications are skin cleanser.
Calendula officinalis: Calendula officinalis is a perennial herb belongs to family Asteraceae. Calendula in suspension or in tincture is used usually to cure acne, decreasing inflammation, soothing irritated tissue and controlling bleeding. There is inadequate evidence that calendula ointment or cream is effective in curing radiation dermatitis.
Camellia sinensis: Green tea is tea prepared exclusively with the leaves of Camellia sinensis belonging to family Theaceae. Whether applied characteristically or used up as a dietary supplement or beverage, green tea is a skin protectant. It defends against direct damage to the cell and inflammation. Research recommend that the catechins in green tea are some twenty times stronger in their anti-oxidant powers than even vitamin E. Male, female and children need to position this super protection on their side contrary to the devastating effects of the sun.
Cocos nucifera: Coconut oil patents from the seed or fruit of the coconut palm tree Cocos nucifera, which belongs to family Arecaceae. The melting point of coconut oil is (24-25 ºC),and thus it can be used definitely in both solid and liquid forms and is normally used in baking and cooking. Coconut oil is exceptional as a softener and skin moisturizer. A study demonstrates that extra virgin coconut oil is effective and safe when used as a moisturizer, with absence of opposing reactions. A study found that coconut oil aided to avoid protein loss from the wet combing of hair when used for 14 hours.
Daucus carota: It is picked up from the plant Daucus carota belonging to family Apiaceae. It is a prized herb since ages as it is rich natural source of Vitamin A along with other vital vitamins. Carrot seed oil is concentrating for anti-aging, rejuvenating and revitalizing. As it aids the development of new cells and helps in decreasing wrinkles. It goes as Natural toner and rejuvenator for the skin.
Emblica Officinalis: Amla is gained from the plant Emblica Officinalis that belongs to Family Euphorbiaceae. Amla is rich in vitamin C, tannins and various other minerals such asiron, phosphorus and calcium which are responsible for nutrition to hair and also causes darkening of hair.
Helianthus annuus: Helianthus annuus, locally known as Suraj Mukhi belongs to family Asteraceae. The non-volatile oil extracted from sunflower seeds. Sunflower oil contains carotenoids, lecithin, tocopherols and waxes. In cosmetics, it has flattening properties and is well-thoughtouts non comedogenic.
Lawsonia inermis: Henna comes from the plant, Lawsonia inermis which belongs to family Lythraceae that contains a dye molecule known as Lawsone, which when treated or processed becomes Henna powder or Mehendi. Henna has a natural sympathy with the proteins in our hair, making it able to stain the color onto the hair shaft.
Matricaria chamomilla: Matricaria chamomilla, known as German chamomile or scented mayweed is an annual herb of the composite family Asteraceae. Chamomile is also used cosmetically, mostly to make a rinse for golden hair and as a yellow dye for fabrics.
Ocimum sanctum: Commonly called as Holy basil and locally as Tulsi, is ubiquitous in tradition. Maybe its role as a healing herb was influential in its blessed implication.
Prunus serotina: The bark of wild Cherry has properties that makes the hair silky, smooth and adds body to the hair. The dried stem bark of Prunus serotina, gathered in autumn in North America. It is used in cherry flavorings for food, medicines and cosmetics in lipsticks. Also used as a sedative and expectorant curatively.
Rhodiola rosea: Rhodiola rosea is a plant that belongs to Crassulaceae family, which cultivates in cold areas of the world. The Rhodiola root has been used in the traditional remedial systems in Asia and Europe to raise an organism resistance against bodily stress, presently it is extensively believed to have anti-oxidative properties.
According to Ayurveda, several factors determine youthfulness and skin health. These consist of appropriate moisture balance, effective functioning of the metabolic mechanisms that synchronize all the different chemical and hormonal reactions of the skin and effective movement of blood and nutrients to the various layers of the skin. An effective Ayurvedic anti-aging cosmeceutical should offer support to all these three areas. Anti-agingactioncontains 2- types of therapies (1) Promotive (2) curative.
Some Plants and herbs used as cosmetics by local people
Scientific nameVernacular namePart usedTherapeutic usesAcoruscalamusSweet flagRhizomeThe rhizome is aromatic, used for making dusting powders and skin lotions.
The consumption of herbal medicines has improved in this era, and there is a huge demand for the herbal medicines and growing day by day. Because of their best result and lesser side effects. The attentiveness and necessity for cosmetics with herbs in on the upswing, as it is muscularly supposed that these goods are safe and free from side effects. It is seen that several products making natural privileges are still based expansively on synthetic useful ingredients to which natural raw extracts are added. Studies have been conceded out in recent times to progress herbal cosmetics and medicines.